Appendix A -- Defined terms

This appendix is an integral part of the Standard.

cash-generating unit


The smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets.

component of an entity


Operations and cash flows that can be clearly distinguished, operationally and for financial reporting purposes, from the rest of the entity.

costs to sell


The incremental costs directly attributable to the disposal of an asset (or disposal group), excluding finance costs and income tax expense.

current asset


An entity shall classify an asset as current when: 

(a) it expects to realise the asset, or intends to sell or consume it, in its normal operating cycle;

(b) it holds the asset primarily for the purpose of trading;

(c) it expects to realise the asset within twelve months after the reporting period; or

(d) the asset is cash or a cash equivalent (as defined in AASB 107) unless the asset is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

discontinued operation


A component of an entity that either has been disposed of or is classified as held for sale and:

(a) represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations,

(b) is part of a single co-ordinated plan to dispose of a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations or

(c) is a subsidiary acquired exclusively with a view to resale.

disposal group


A group of assets to be disposed of, by sale or otherwise, together as a group in a single transaction, and liabilities directly associated with those assets that will be transferred in the transaction. The group includes goodwill acquired in a business combination if the group is a cash-generating unit to which goodwill has been allocated in accordance with the requirements of paragraphs 80–87 of AASB 136 Impairment of Assets or if it is an operation within such a cash-generating unit.

fair value


Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. (See AASB 13.)

firm purchase commitment


An agreement with an unrelated party, binding on both parties and usually legally enforceable, that (a) specifies all significant terms, including the price and timing of the transactions, and (b) includes a disincentive for non-performance that is sufficiently large to make performance highly probable.

highly probable


Significantly more likely than probable.

non-current asset


An asset that does not meet the definition of a current asset.



More likely than not.

recoverable amount


The higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and its value in use.

value in use


[7]The present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.


[Aus]  Not for profit entities should refer to AASB 136 Impairment of Assets when the future economic benefits of an asset are not primarily dependent on the asset’s ability to generate net cash inflows.